The Kirkpatrick Training Evaluation Model is perhaps the best-known model for analysing and evaluating training results and educational programs. The model was developed by Donald Kirkpatrick, a former Professor Emeritus at the University of Wisconsin, and it was first published in 1959. The model was then updated in 1975 and 1993 after Kirkpatrick published “Evaluating Training Programs.” Each successive level of the model represented a more precise measure of the effectiveness of a training program. It was developed further by Donald and his son, James and then later on by James and his wife, Wendy Kayser Kirkpatrick. However, in 2016, James and Wendy revised and clarified the original theory which introduced the “Four Levels of Training Evaluation” in their book “New World Kirkpatrick Model”. A primary addition was the significant emphasis on the training relevance. This model takes into account any style of training, both informal or formal, to determine aptitude based on four (4) levels criteria.
According to the Kirkpatrick Partners (2018), the four levels can be detailed as follows: