In this contemporary era, it has been observed that the state of the global economy shifts over the course of a few years. This shift is not only the reason why our organisations have failed, but it is also the reason why the economy of our country is getting worse. In today’s world, there are a great deal of challenges to be found in relation to the employment process in both the public and private sectors. However, favouritism, cronyism, and nepotism are the primary obstacles in the way of well-qualified employees, as public sector organisations prefer to hire individuals who are referred by family members, friends, or coworkers.
These three forms of corruption are the primary obstacles in the way of well-qualified employees. Therefore, in developing nations, a person’s tastes and preferences are more important than his or her real competence, abilities, knowledge, and qualifications for a specific career. This is because people in these countries have less access to a wider variety of options. In contrast, positions are filled in industrialised nations according to merit, credentials, and experience. These are the factors that are taken into consideration. It makes it easier for employees to integrate their work with their professional goals.
Nepotism and cronyism are both terms that refer to the practise of assigning someone to a post or employment based on their familial or social connections with other people. This behaviour is not beneficial and should be avoided because the evaluation is not based on a person’s actual qualifications and capabilities, which can have a detrimental impact on the structure of the society. This behaviour is forbidden in Islam and must be avoided at all costs since it violates the rights of other people.
The definition of nepotism given by Merriam-dictionary Webster’s is “a bias toward persons or groups with blood links,” and it is most commonly seen in the practise of nominating people to jobs. Nepotism is defined as “an act or habit that cares or overestimates one’s own family and friends,” in the Malay language dictionary published by Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The English word “nepotism” originates from the Greek terms “nepos” and “otis,” which can be translated as “grandson,” “descendant,” or “cousin.” The phrase “nepotism” eventually evolved into a term that is understood to mean the following: behaviour that demonstrates an excessive tendency toward relatives; a tendency to prioritise or benefit one’s own relatives in a position, rank, or other capacity; and the act of choosing relatives or relatives to hold the reins of government related to society (public service)